Morchella esculenta, (commonly known as common morel, morel, yellow morel, true morel, morel mushroom, and sponge morel) is a species of fungus in the Morchellaceae family of the Ascomycota. It is one of the most readily recognized of all the edible mushrooms and highly sought after. Each fruit body begins as a tightly compressed, grayish sponge with lighter ridges, and expands to form a large yellowish sponge with large pits and ridges raised on a large white stem. The pits are rounded and irregularly arranged. The hollow stem is typically thick, and white to yellow. The fungus fruits under hardwoods during a short period in the spring, depending on the weather, but it is also associated with old orchards, woods, disturbed grounds and burnt areas. Although a process was reported in 1982 to grow the fruit bodies under controlled conditions, attempts to cultivate the mushroom commercially have only been partially successful.
Nutrient content of morel Mushrooms
Mushrooms exposed to sunlight or UV radiation are great sources of dietary vitamin D2(ergocalciferol). While most vitamin D supplements contain D3 (cholecalciferol), dietary D2 from mushrooms has been shown to be as effective as vitamin D2 and D3 supplements in raising and maintaining 25(OH)D levels .
Morel mushrooms contain approximately 206 IUs of vitamin D2 per 100 grams of fresh material .
Protection against drug side effects
Pharmaceutical drugs are commonly known to create side effects, and cisplatin (a chemotherapy drug) and gentamicin (an antibiotic) are no exceptions. When given to mice, these drugs can deplete the internal antioxidant defense system and induce kidney failure.
Research shows, however, that an aqueous-ethanol (water and alcohol) extract from cultivated morel mycelium has the remarkable ability to enhance the internal antioxidant defense system, thereby protecting against toxicity caused by the chemotherapy and antibiotic drugs .
Oxidative stress is associated with numerous conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, Parkinson’s disease, and diabetes types 1 and 2. Consuming antioxidant-rich food, therefore, is an important strategy to protect against this internal damage.
Studies have shown that extracts from morel mycelium are effective in combating oxidation. This is primarily accomplished through the scavenging of damaging molecules known as reactive oxygen species (ROS), including the superoxide, hydroxyl, and nitric oxide radicals .
Antioxidants from morel mushrooms have also been shown to inhibit lipid peroxidation – a process involving tissue damage which, if left unchecked, can lead to inflammation and cancer .
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) is an inorganic compound which has been linked to disorders of the central nervous system and kidneys. Research on animals has shown that administration of CCl4with ethanol damages the liver by, among other things, depleting internal antioxidant stores. When supplied with an extract of morel mycelium, however, protection is provided against liver damage, and antioxidant reserves can be restored.
This suggests that morel mushroom mycelium may provide therapeutic use as a liver-protecting agent .
Immune system activity
A 2002 study analyzed the immuno-stimulatory property of a unique polysaccharide isolated from the morel mushroom. Known as galactomannan, this compound comprises 2.0% of the dry fungal material, and may work on both innate immunity and adaptive immunity by enhancing macrophage activity .
Dr MOHAN MUSHROOM TRAINING
Dr Mohan Mushroom offering following training programme
ONE DAY TRAINING'S(Registration Fee--Rs-1000/-)
1) Oyster and Milky Mushroom Training
2)King Oyster Mushroom(Pleurotus eryngii)Training
2) Mushroom Post harvest and Processing Training
3)Mushroom Value Added Training
4) Coir pith Decomposition Training
ONE DAY SPECIAL TRAINING(Registration FeeRs 1500/)
1) Medicinal Mushroom Ganorema lucidum Training
2)Mediclnal Mushroom Cordyceps militaris Training
In all the above One Day Training only theoretical aspects will be covered . No hand on Training in all One Day programmes.
FIVE DAYS TRAINING(Registration Fee-Rs-5000/-)
1) Oyster and Milky Mushroom Hand on Training
2) Mushroom Post harvest and Processing Hand on Training
3) Coir pith Decomposition Training
4) Mushroom Spawn Production Training
In all Our Five Days Programmes all the activities will be covered in our Hi-Tech lab Practically.
TWO DAYS TRAINING(Registration Fee-Rs-2500/-)
Button Mushroom Training ( Only Theory)
On Training day following Training kits will be provided to all Trainees
5- Refreshment During Training
Starter Package will be provided To all our Trainees on Concessinal rate
Mushroom Spawn 2 Pkts ( Each 320 gms)
Poly Bags 4 Nos
Disinfectant 1 pkt
All the above items will be provided @
Rs 50/- on request
For further detail contact Dr Mohan Mushrooms(9487076366)www.drmohanmushrooms.com